Congressman Ted Poe



By Congressman Ted Poe

One hot summer day in Houston, a single mother (we will call her Amy) met a man. At the time, Amy was lonely and struggling to make a life for her young children. He was charming, funny and a talented member of the music industry. He told her he loved her and it made her feel valued and safe.

This man promised her a better life, saying that with her help, the two of them would start a thriving record label together, but in order to do this they would need to move away for awhile. He said this would be good for her future and, more importantly, her children's future. She was vulnerable, financially hurting, looking for a better life, and she trusted him. The plan was to move away for three months, and so they went.

Once they moved, the man immediately changed his tune. He isolated Amy from her family and friends and became hostile and abusive. It quickly became clear to Amy that that there was no record label. Instead, she had found herself in a dangerous situation. She spent her days trapped in a dark room where men would come in one by one. She was used and abused, treated like a prostitute. She was no prostitute. She was a victim of human trafficking being held against her will. The "appointments" with men continued to increase. It became clear quickly to this mother that she was now a sex slave.

One day, one of Amy's fellow captives being held by this man had a nervous breakdown to the point where she could no longer be physically controlled. She was a threat to his secretive business. The trafficker became distracted, and Amy was able to escape back to Houston. Her family picked her up and she returned home, but she was not the same woman that left months before. Her life was forever changed.

Amy was one of the lucky ones who got away, but her story of captivity is all too common in America. Traffickers prey every day on vulnerable women, from the insecure teenager at the mall to mothers like Amy looking for a better life for their children. This modern-day slavery happens right here in Texas in plain sight at our motels, cantinas and massage parlors. The victims live among us in our communities, but behind closed doors, they are slaves living in fear. They totally lose their identity. Meanwhile, their slave traders are able to keep their lives, committing this horrendous crime anonymously and continuously. Buyers and sellers of humans want to remain anonymous because they can. Those days need to end.

As a former criminal court judge in Texas, I successfully used public punishment for two purposes. First, I wanted to make sure defendants did not end up back in my courtroom. Second, I wanted to instill fear in would-be criminals to deter them from committing crimes in the first place.

I believe this form of public shaming can be successful in combatting human trafficking. That is why I have introduced The SHAME Act in Congress. This legislation will give federal judges the ability to publish both the names and the photographs of both convicted human traffickers and buyers of trafficked victims.

The second part of that is important — in order to effectively combat trafficking, we must go after the customers. The bill is designed to allow the public to easily access the pictures and information of those living among them in society who have purchased sex from victims. That way the buyers will no longer be able to hide in plain site under the cloak of anonymity.

Furthermore, I hope the SHAME Act strikes fear in those who think about purchasing young women for sex. Perhaps the fear of having their face on a billboard will make them think twice about participating in the modern day slave trade.

Traffickers and sex abusers run a global business second only to the slave trade. Like any business, this trade is successful because of its customers and the continuous demand they provide. It is time to SHAME these horrible humans out of the business.

Our children are not for sale.

Houston Observer

By U.S. Representative Ted Poe

Like superwoman, Simone Biles bounds down the runway, sprinting at full speed. She throws herself into a back handspring over the vault, and manages to add a two-and-a-half twisting layout off of it, and sticks the landing.

While she makes it look almost effortless, it’s the second hardest vault performed in the world.

Biles’s successes read like an action story book: three-time World All- Around Champion. Four-time U.S. All-Around Champion. A record-setting 10 World Championships wins, the most in U.S. history. Sound impressive? Well, that’s because it is. Now, Houston Texas’s own superwoman is set to make the history books again.

Four-foot-nine Biles is the overwhelming favorite to not just represent Team USA at the 2016 Olympics, but to bring home the All-Around gold for Team USA Gymnastics. For many young athletes, the Olympics is a far off dream. But for Biles, it’s a dream turned into true accomplishment.

As Rio is about to kick-off on Friday, Biles has trained with her fellow members of the “Fantastic Five”, ready to represent Team USA over the next few weeks. In fact, many say that she is practically unbeatable, and in a league all of her own. Many of us remember the ’84 Olympics when American starlet Mary Lou Retton won the first ever gymnastics Olympic gold for the U.S. Retton, who first set the US standard for Olympic excellence in gymnastics, said “[Simone] may be the most talented gymnast I’ve ever seen in my life, honestly. And I don’t think she’s tapped into what she can really do. I think she’s unbeatable.”

Her remarkable talent has brought gymnastics to an even higher level of difficulty. For example, the 19-year-old already has her very own skill named after her, appropriately named a “Biles.” To compete a Biles, a gymnast must perform a tumbling pass, consisting of a double back layout with a half-twist. Not to mention, stick it. To get such a skill named after her, Biles had to not just perform the skill during competition but also be the first person ever to do so.

Texas has a long tradition of producing Olympic-caliber gymnasts, including Marry Lou Retton, Kim Zmeskal, Dominique Moceanu, Nastia Liukin, and Carly Patterson. The Lone Star State

is also home the most famous of the national team training centers, Bela Karolyi’s Ranch. Soon, Biles name will be added to the list of Texas gymnasts who have brought home gold for Team USA.

Off the mat, nineteen-year-old Biles serves as a role model and inspiration to many young girls and athletes throughout America. Not surprisingly, she displays extreme focus in her everyday life. Her humble attitude exhibits the mark of good sportsmanship. Her family has instilled in her the confidence to succeed and the drive to accomplish her dreams, something that every young Texan should strive to exemplify.

With Biles in Rio, we are enthusiastically excited to have a hometown hero representing Team USA and her neighborhood of Spring. We’ll all be glued to our TVs, watching her compete on the international stage and rooting her in her quest to bring home the gold. Simone! Simone! — This firecracker has captured the hearts of our community, Texas and the red, white, and blue. Simone’s determination and character is an example of the best of the American Spirit.

And that’s just the way it is.

The NCAA Men’s Final Four is a time of excitement, suspense, and this year, it’s an opportunity to display Houston’s hospitality to the hundreds of thousands of people who will travel to our great city for the games.  We welcome each and every visitor with open arms, friendly competition, our world famous Tex-Mex food and a cautionary message about an important topic that impacts too many in our community: human trafficking.

An increase in human trafficking can come with any event that brings in a large amount of people from around the country and the world. Traffickers view these events as a golden opportunity.  In recent years there has been more awareness of this heinous crime surrounding the Super Bowl.  Houston will also host the Super Bowl in 2017, and preparedness efforts are already underway, but this is not an annual effort unique to major sporting events. The buying and selling of human beings happens every day in Houston and throughout the United States.  Unfortunately, our city has become a national hub for human trafficking.  The good news is that many are fighting to end this scourge. We have come a long way already, but there is still a long way to go to eradicate modern day slavery in our city.

Combatting human trafficking is a priority at the local, state, and federal levels of government.  Law enforcement agencies are working together to ensure that our city is safe not only during popular events like the Final Four and Super Bowl 51, but also every other day.  When it comes to human trafficking law enforcement, government at all levels and nonprofit organizations that serve victims are coordinating and deploying proven approaches. What we really need more of is heightened awareness and participation from the community.  Houstonians can continue to help by making calls to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline (1-888-373-7888) if they suspect human trafficking is occurring. In recent years, Texas has unfortunately had the second highest amount of calls to this hotline. While it is a good thing that the public is engaging, it is unfortunate that so many calls come from our state. With the public’s continued help, we can make sure that Texas is no longer one of the national ‘hotspots’ for this heinous crime.

Last year, we were able to obtain passage and enactment of the bipartisan Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act.  This federal law gives law enforcement additional tools to take down human traffickers. It targets the buyers - those predators who purchase humans - helps to ensure that those who have been sold into slavery are treated as victims, and creates a fund primarily paid for by the perpetrators themselves to serve trafficked victims.  Locally, a brand new position dedicated to combatting trafficking was created within the Office of the Mayor.

This year, we’ve also seen city, county, and state law enforcement, government and non-profits working together to breakup trafficking rings and rescue trafficking victims.  This is not done hastily.  It requires time, collaboration and tremendous work.  Texans have been on the front lines in the national fight against human trafficking. In January and February, an innovative sting, Operation Traveling Circus, brought together multiple law enforcement agencies, prosecutors, courts, and victims’ services in order to arrest traffickers, buyers, and provide victims with resources.  In total, 259 buyers and 6 pimps were arrested.  A hallmark of this sting was the important decision to not publicize the photos of the women arrested or rescued.  After all, it can take time to determine the circumstances of those billed as “prostitutes,” as many actually may be victims of human trafficking.

In addition, just last week, Operation Batman led to the arrest of an acclaimed United Airlines pilot—Bruce Wayne Wallis.  While many knew him as an aviator, authorities say he was a hard-nosed pimp, running brothels throughout Houston, selling up to 60 women at a time. In a joint operation of the Houston Police Department Vice Division and Texas Department of Public Safety, Wallis was arrested along with others believed to be involved with the ring of brothels.

Houston should serve as a shining example to the rest of the country in battling modern day slavery.  In fact, the HPD Vice Division just won the Law Enforcement Innovation Award from the Cities Empowered Against Sexual Exploitation (CEASE) Network.  This work will not stop.  We will do all that we can to deter human trafficking, arrest those who buy and sell humans, and rescue and restore victims, not just during the big events in our city, but each and every day for as long as it is necessary. 

A satellite flying in space over the American Super Bowl, unprovoked missile launches, the test of a so-called hydrogen bomb and threats to destroy Manhattan. This is just a snapshot of what North Korea has been up to this year alone.  Although the circumstances and truth surrounding each of these actions remain murky, it’s probably safe to assume that Iranian experts were on site to witness these latest violations of international law. Why? Because Iranian scientists have been present at nearly every major North Korean missile test for decades.

The history of the strategic alliance between Iran and North Korea stretches back decades to the aftermath of Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution. Sanctioned by the Carter administration, the newly founded Islamic Republic turned to North Korea to replenish its military arsenal with Scud missiles during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war. By the end of the decade, North Korea and China were supplying Iran with 70 percent of its arms.

Fast forward to the 1990s and Iran and North Korea moved on to collaborating on development of long-range ballistic missiles. North Korea’s nuclear-capable Nodong missile became the basis for the Iranian Shahab missile series which currently threatens Israel, our other Middle Eastern allies, and even Central Europe. By the beginning of the 2000s, the Iranians were returning the favor, giving North Korea sensitive data from their own tests to improve North Korean missile systems.

Sunday’s long-range ballistic missile test coupled with the alleged first test of a North Korean submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) in May represent a major threat to U.S. national security. North Korea does not need these kinds of capabilities to attack its traditional rival to the south – Pyongyang already possesses missiles that can strike anywhere in South Korea. The development of SLBMs and long-range missiles are intended to directly menace the United States – both Pyongyang and Tehran’s common enemy.

This dangerous alliance does not just end with ballistic missiles, however. There is growing evidence suggesting long-term nuclear cooperation between Iran and North Korea. Media reports dating back to the 1990s indicate collaboration between the two rogue countries in the nuclear field. Reports from 1993 claimed that the Iranians financed North Korea’s nuclear program to the tune of $500 million in return for nuclear technology. South Korean news outlets rang the alarm in 2011, alleging that hundreds of North Korean nuclear and missile experts were working in Iran, including at the facility in Natanz where centrifuges will continue spinning under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Intelligence provided to the International Atomic Energy Agency appear to corroborate reports of nuclear collaboration, indicating that North Korea transferred “crucial technology” to Iran including mathematical formulas and codes for nuclear warhead design. Over the summer, an Iranian opposition group claimed that nuclear expert delegations from North Korea had traveled to Iran three times in 2015 alone, meeting with high-level Iranian officials including those responsible for nuclear warhead design. In early 2016 North Korea made headway in its nuclear program, conducting its fourth nuclear test “in the face of nuclear threats and blackmail by the United States,” according to Pyongyang.

In the aftermath of the JCPOA, the danger from the Iran-North Korea strategic alliance is even greater. Iran has already begun to receive billions of dollars as the result of this deal and cash-strapped North Korea would be more than willing to continue this covert relationship. North Korea can also possibly supply Iran with a nuclear backstop – a method to covertly continue nuclear research and development restricted under the deal through their tried and true secret procurement channels. Iran can then follow in the footsteps of its North Korean partner – agree to the deal for sanctions relief and then breakout when convenient.

In eight years’ time, Iran will also be able to freely work on its ballistic missile program. If Iran was able to develop its ballistic missile in secret thanks to its North Korean friends, one can only imagine what it will be able to achieve after the ban on its ballistic missile program is lifted.

We must also remember that this strong relationship between Iran and North Korea was forged in secrecy – we do not even know the full extent of their collaboration. What we do know, however, is that now that the world has given the Iranian nuclear program a stamp of approval, officials in both Tehran and Pyongyang are cashing in. The questions remains – how long will we let these two enemies of the United States inch closer to nuclear wear? And as developments keep coming out of the Korean Peninsula, we can only ask: what’s next?

Poe has represented Texas’ 2nd Congressional District since 2005. He sits on the Foreign Affairs and the Judiciary committees

By: Rep Poe

"There's already a door on that iPhone. We are asking Apple to take the vicious guard dog away and let us pick the lock,” said FBI Director Comey in his recent testimony before the Judiciary Committee. What would happen if the government mandated that we take away all the guard dogs in a neighborhoods and leave our homes vulnerable for others to ‘pick the lock’ and gain access to our homes? 

As a former judge I have a problem with that premise. As the chairman of the House Subcommittee on Terrorism, I am as dedicated as anyone to national security and the mission of defeating the terrorists. I still believe that we can combat this threat without bending the rules written in the Constitution. The question is this: Must private industry be forced to create new software that can give the government access to a phone they would not have access to otherwise? I think the answer is no. 

The truth is that Congress should have acted on this issue already and not waited for a terrorist attack. Hundreds of phones in the possession of investigators are sitting in limbo because the law is not clear. This will turn into thousands unless we act. It is the role of Congress to debate this and to change the policy, not the courts.

Since the San Bernardino attack, investigators have not been able to get into the phone of Syed Farook because of the security Apple has on all of its devices. In the wake of San Bernardino, law enforcement jobs are more challenging than ever as our enemies are more determined. As challenging as this is, a drastic, fear-driven policy that dramatically affects the privacy of every single American with an Apple product should not be made in the courts.

Before we mandate that the government must have a “key” for all encrypted data-- we must step back and consider what that means for privacy.

Congress has recently taken steps to protect the Fourth Amendment rights of Americans in the digital age; this decision does the opposite. This order in effect would give the government the keys to the backdoor to every cell phone in America. In order to do this, the government is attempting to force Apple and other companies to re-engineer all of their products in order to give the government the ability to access all phones.

This decision will not only violate the privacy of American citizens -- far more than just the owner of the iPhone the court ruled on-- it will also hurt American tech companies. American products will suffer on the world market because international consumers will know that their phones are not safe from the eyes of the snooping United States government.

My bill, H.R. 2233, End Warrantless Surveillance of ‎Americans Act would specifically prohibit the government from either mandating (as they are trying to do with Apple) or even requesting that a back door be installed.

Congress should immediately act on this to make the law clear.

Throughout history, America has faced threats from a variety of enemies. During times of heightened fear, there have been similar calls for less privacy in the name of more security.

I believe there can be both.

Today the government once again asks us to just “trust” them with our privacy because the threat of Islamic extremism exists.  They want a key to our email, a key to our phones, a key to virtually all elements of our life.  

Should we trust the government not to abuse this power? We don’t give the government a spare key to our homes and our cars. Why should the laws that govern the digital world be any different? 

These questions are difficult, but they are not new. 

Technology has rapidly changed in recent years, and the question has been whatwill Congress do to protect privacy. The case of San Bernadino has demanded that we address that question. The law must keep up with technology. Our Constitutional rights depend on it. 

Technology may change, but the Constitution does not.   The Electronic Communications and Privacy Act (ECPA) is a perfect example. Under this law, authorities can search your electronic communications after 180 days without a warrant. 

Today, with most of our data flowing through the cloud, our constitutional right to privacy is in jeopardy.  Let’s not make the same mistake twice with encryption.   

We can defeat the threat of Islamic extremism while keeping our Constitution whole at the same time. And that’s just the way it is.

Republican Ted Poe represents Texas' Second District in the U.S. House of Representatives. He is a former judge and a senior member of the House Judiciary Committee.

The administration is forsaking its friends in the Middle East in favor of appeasing Iran.

By Ted Poe Feb. 19, 2016

With civil wars in Syria, Yemen, Libya and Iraq, and with instability and terrorism stretching from Turkey to Egypt, now is not the time for the United States to further roil the Middle East by appeasing our adversaries and abandoning our allies.

But that's just what the Obama administration has been doing in the dispute between Iran and Saudi Arabia. In spite of Iran's well-earned designation as the largest state sponsor of terrorism, and its stoking of sectarian divisions across the region, the White House is tilting towards Tehran in another of its infamous "resets."

Tensions flared recently between these two regional rivals when Iranian mobs trashed and burned the Saudi Embassy in Tehran. Purportedly, the rampage was responding to the Saudi's recent execution of 47 convicted terrorists, including a Shiite cleric seeking to overthrow the Saudi Arabian government and other terrorists who attacked the U.S. consulate in Jeddah in 2004, which killed nine people. But the riot recalled another supposedly spontaneous incident: the 1979 invasion of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran that resulted in more than 60 Americans being held hostage.

Answering the attack on its embassy, Saudi Arabia severed relations with Iran. So did Bahrain and Sudan. Meanwhile, the United Arab Emirates downgraded its diplomatic ties with Tehran.

And how did the administration respond? Not by standing with our friends but by cozying up to our foe.

Seeking to protect the misguided nuclear agreement with Iran that will lift economic sanctions on them within days, the administration slapped both rivals' wrists while giving the Saudis the cold shoulder. White House spokesman Josh Earnest equivocated, saying "I guess the point is that there's plenty of blame to go around."

Just two days after the United States officially lifted sanctions on Iran, sending billions of dollars to a nation that has promised to wipe Israel off the map, the U.S. ambassador to Israel sharply criticized Israel's rule of law. Under this administration, it somehow makes sense to sign a deal with one of the worst human rights abusers in the world in Iran and then days later pick at our ally Israel as it struggles to deal with a months-long wave of violence where terrorists stab innocent civilians with knives.

The administration ignores three fundamental facts: First, Iran is a bad actor. Second, the Saudis and Israelis are essential to American interests. And third, American passivity in the Middle East is forcing the Saudis and Israelis to go it alone.

From the hostage-taking in 1979, to the bombing of the Kobar Towers in 1996, to the recent seizure and detainment of 10 American sailors, Iran is antagonistic to America and engages in deliberate provocations. Tehran supports violent rebels in Yemen; supplies weapons to Hezbollah to destroy Israel and destabilize Lebanon; and provides money, weapons and other support to the brutal regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad, contributing to the killing of more than 250,000 people and the exile of 4.5 million refugees.

While Iran props up Assad and aids him in killing innocent civilians, Saudi Arabia has participated in coalition operations against the Islamic State group in Syria and recently founded an alliance of more than 30 countries to combat al-Qaida, the Islamic State group and other terrorist groups. Israel meanwhile is working to protect itself from terrorist groups like Hezbollah, which is building up weapon stockpiles to its north, and the Islamic State group, whose leader said recently that "Palestine will be a graveyard" to the Jews.

The U.S. military knows the importance of these two allies. Our armed forces have conducted joint military exercises with both the Saudis and the Israelis, and Israel and Saudi Arabia are two of the largest customers of U.S. military equipment.

The problems confronting the Middle East are too big for the United States to solve on its own. Millions of Syrians have left their homes to find refuge somewhere it is safe. The Islamic State group continues to find safe haven in Iraq and Syria. But if we want our allies to do more – and they must if these challenges are to be overcome – we need to give them assurances, not treat them worse than we treat the largest state sponsor of terrorism. If our longtime partners feel anxious and alone, they may act in ways that further upset the fragile balance in an increasingly unstable region. America needs to return to reassuring our friends and restraining our foes. And that's just the way it is.

By Linda Smith, President/Founder, Shared Hope International; Congressman Ted Poe (Texas)

As National Human Trafficking Awareness Month draws to a close, and with the Super Bowl around the corner, it is important to keep in mind that while these opportunities to bring awareness to the scourge of sex trafficking are significant, American children are being bought and sold for sex every day all over the country.  They make up some of the tens of millions of victims of human trafficking all over the world.   Trafficking victims walk among us, often unnoticed. This should embolden our commitment each day to change our country’s response and provide justice for victims of trafficking. That commitment must be made on the federal, state and local levels.

On the federal level last year, we celebrated the enactment of the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act, landmark legislation that shifted the focus of criminal responses from the victims to the perpetrators of this horrific crime including the buyers of sex with children. While going after the demand, the bill also provides support for domestic child sex trafficking victims to ensure that they are treated with the trauma-informed, individualized care and support they deserve.

However, there is still more work to be done. While recent shifts in federal and some state policies has led to a now widely accepted fact that commercially sexually exploited children are victims of human trafficking, 36 states still have laws criminalizing child victims under adult prostitution laws or other trafficking-related crimes. This is unfortunate and unjust. No other victim of child abuse would be classified this way or would face drastic measures like jail time as human trafficking victims face today.

Opponents of non-criminalization laws assert that their concern is rooted in safety, that without other resources in place, they have no other option than juvenile detention to protect youth from exploitation. However, knowing that arresting and charging trafficked children with crimes related to their abuse not only has the potential to further victimize them, it also may undermine efforts to restore these children while reinforcing negative stereotypes used by exploiters to control victims. Under our justice system, a minor simply cannot consent to sell their bodies for sex. The laws should be amended to reflect this.

Governments should look to a new, important resource, the Non-Criminalization ofJuvenile Sex Trafficking Victims policy paper and field guidance by Shared Hope International’s Juvenile Sex Trafficking (JuST) Response Council, a group comprised of survivors and other leaders in the anti-trafficking movement.  The JuST Council’s report provides solutions to the complex challenges associated with keeping our youth safe and empowering them to live a life free of exploitation while also recognizing that non-criminalization of juvenile sex trafficking victims must be a component of a comprehensive protective response.

We hear stories of young girls over and over again who have been arrested while their pimps and buyers are overlooked.  If we do not protect, shelter, and restore these children, we are just as much a part of the problem as their abusive family, their trafficker who told them they were worthless, or their buyer who put a price tag on their body. In order to stop this crime, we must empower victims and put away the real bad guys—traffickers and buyers because they are both as much part of this modern day slave trade as the other.

As we approach the Super Bowl and learn even more about the trafficking of humans in the greatest nation on earth, let’s take those lessons and put them into practice throughout the year so that we can prove ourselves to be the best by caring for our most vulnerable.  We will be judged by how we treat the defenseless among us.  Let us do the right thing - save our children - and be judged well.

Congresswoman Linda Smith (ret.) is the President and Founder of Shared Hope International, which provides leadership in awareness and training, prevention strategies, restorative care, research, and policy initiatives to mobilize a national network of protection for victims. For more information about Shared Hope and the JuST Response Project visit

Congressman Poe is Founder and Co-Chairman of the Congressional Victims’ Rights Caucus and a Senior Member of the House Judiciary Committee. Before Coming to Congress, he served as a Prosecutor and a Judge in Texas for 30 years.

By: Senator John Cornyn and Congressman Ted Poe

Earlier this year, U.S. Marshals announced the arrest of Rosain Moreno, a 27-year-old Pennsylvania man, who allegedly convinced a 13-year-old girl to run away from her parents and travel with him to South Carolina. Once the child was reported missing, police asked the U.S. Marshals Service Fugitive Task Force to get involved. Fortunately, they acted quickly, locating and arresting Moreno in South Carolina and bringing the young girl home safely.

Days before Moreno's arrest, the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons met in Washington. Eleven human trafficking survivors were introduced as members of the U.S. Advisory Council on Human Trafficking. The council was created in accordance with the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act, comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation we introduced and President Obama signed into law last year. These survivors all have different stories, but they have all lived the nightmare of human slavery. The Council will convene to make policy recommendations on how to continue the fight against this despicable scourge in our nation.

This year, instead of calling for new legislation, we are marking the impactful changes in federal law to combat human trafficking. While we have already seen positive outcomes in the first eight months of this law, the work is just beginning in the fight against 21st-century slavery in this nation.

The Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act includes a wide variety of reforms that help victims get the shelter and services they need and provide them with a fresh start. Importantly, it ensures that those sold into the marketplace of sex slavery are treated as victims rather than criminals. The law also strengthens law enforcement tools to target the predators who purchase trafficked human beings.

As former judges, we strongly believe in not only punishing the people who commit these horrendous crimes but also in helping victims rebuild their lives. And as fathers, we refuse to sit back while children are being bought and sold in our own country. That's why we authored the act — to provide law enforcement with new tools to apprehend those who commit these heinous acts and to provide resources for the survivors to restore their lives. We are proud that this bipartisan bill is now the law of the land.

We don’t know what the fate of this young girl would have been had the authorities not rescued her. But we do know that because of the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act, and the increased authority given to the U.S. Marshal Service, that child is home today, safe and sound.


Byline: Rep. Ted Poe

South Korean intelligence officials reported recently that North Korea is preparing for a new nuclear test. If true, it would mark Pyongyang’s third nuclear detonation since 2007, when it agreed to end its nuclear program during the Six-Party Talks. In return for this commitment, the United States removed Pyongyang from the state sponsors of terrorism list.

Since then, North Korea has torn up the agreement and resumed its reckless nuclear activities. Meanwhile, the United States has sat back and watched the ally of our enemies and the enemy of our friends terrorize the world with its threats of nuclear war. It’s time to re-designate North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism.

Between 1988 and 2008 the United States government listed North Korea as a sponsor of terrorism. The catalyst for its listing was North Korea’s involvement in the 1987 in-flight bombing of Korean Air Flight 858, which killed all 115 passengers onboard. The State Department cited a laundry list of other hostile activities pursued by the regime to justify its listing throughout the years. These included North Korea’s history of harboring and supporting terrorists, abductions, and developing and proliferating weapons of mass destruction. 

North Korea continues these illicit activities today despite being removed from the list partly in return for its commitment to halt its nuclear program. This was a mistake. The fact that North Korea conducted two nuclear tests in 2009 and 2013 should alone merit the re-designation. And while the State Department routinely claims that North Korea has not been linked to terrorism since 1987, ample open-source evidence disputes this claim.

North Korea is also still a major proliferator of weapons of mass destruction. Its ongoing collaboration on ballistic missiles with Iran, the world’s number one state sponsor of terrorism, is well known.

Pyongyang has known links to the tyrannical regimes in Tehran and Damascus, and there have been several instances in the past decade in which North Korea’s two Middle Eastern clients transferred North Korean arms to Hezbollah and Hamas. In 2009 alone, three North Korean arms shipments were seized by UAE, Israeli, and Thai authorities.

In all three cases, press reports indicated that the arms were bound for terrorist groups. In July 2014, Western security sources told media outlets that Hamas brokered an agreement to purchase communications equipment and artillery rockets from the Kim regime. Sure enough, North Korean anti-tank guided missiles surfaced in Gaza that same year. 

But weapons sales are not the whole picture of North Korea’s ties to terrorist groups – there is growing evidence of Pyongyang’s advisory role to these violent organizations. Press reports in 2014 suggested that North Koreans advised Hezbollah in the construction of tunnels in Southern Lebanon in 2003-2004. Israeli military commanders believe that North Korea also provided logistical advice on Hamas’ tunnel network which it infamously used to attack Israeli civilian populations.

North Korea is also still a major proliferator of weapons of mass destruction. Its ongoing collaboration on ballistic missiles with Iran, the world’s number one state sponsor of terrorism, is well known. According to reports the two countries are presently working on the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile that could allow North Korea to deliver a nuclear warhead far beyond its shores.

Though the State Department will deny any veracity to growing evidence that Pyongyang and Tehran are also collaborating on nuclear weapons, North Korea has aided other unstable regimes in setting up their own nuclear shops. North Korea helped establish the al-Kibar nuclear reactor in Syria, which was destroyed by an Israeli strike in 2007, and provided game-changing nuclear materials to Libya in the early 2000s.

Aside from its involvement in weapons of mass destruction, North Korea also threatens us in cyber space.  In 2009, South Korean intelligence officials told the media that North Korea set up a cyber-warfare unit to target military servers in South Korea and the U.S. Since then, North Korean cyber-attacks have reportedly targeted the websites of the departments of Homeland Security and Defense, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the Federal Trade Commission.

Just last year, North Korea carried out a brazen cyber-attack against Sony Pictures that included direct threats against its employees and an ominous warning to “Remember the 11th of September 2001.” An attack on a private U.S. company that threatens action similar to the most infamous terrorist attack in our nation’s history sure sounds like terrorism to me.

Make no mistake: North Korea is a greater threat to our national security today than it was in 1988 when the US first listed North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism. The country is much closer to successfully developing not just nuclear weapons but missiles that can carry these nuclear weapons to drop them on the United States. Its new leader, Kim Jong Un, has followed in his father’s footsteps in his opposition to the United States and, just like his father, is teaming up with other state sponsors of terrorism to do it.

The question remains: why have we not put North Korean back on the state sponsors of terrorism list? We didn’t take them off because they stopped sponsoring terrorism – we took them off for purely diplomatic reasons that have since become irrelevant. North Korea has only grown more bold and unpredictable since 1988. It is high time the State Department calls a spade a spade and designates North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism.

Republican Ted Poe represents Texas' Second District in the U.S. House of Representatives. He is a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee and serves as chairman of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Non-proliferation and Trade.


Byline: Rep. Ted Poe

Doughnuts to Go is a small family-owned shop in California managed by Lee Ky.  Like any small business, its success depends on the hard work and grit of the folks who run it. Her success was threatened in 2012 when Doughnuts to Go was sued by ADA trolls for alleged violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The lawsuit alleged minute violations, including: a mislabeled table, door handles being off by a few centimeters and the trashcan in the bathroom being in the wrong place. Lee was outraged and surprised by this lawsuit. Even more so because she is disabled herself, confined to a wheelchair and runs her store without any barriers to access. Lee was targeted by a serial plaintiff who never set foot in her store and whoalso sued nearly 80 other businesses in the area. Unfortunately, Lee is not alone. The fact is that there is a whole industry made up of people who prey on and strong-arm small businesses in order to make money off of ADA lawsuits. To these trolls, it is about making money, not helping the disabled.

In 1990, the ADA was signed into law, a monumental step to improve access and equality for all citizens in this country. Now, after 25 years of progress and advancement, the integrity of this landmark legislation is being threatened by a handful of attorneys and plaintiffs.

Small businesses are the life-blood of our communities. The vast majority of them strive to serve their customers to the best of their ability – relying on the ADA as another tool to help ensure that customers with disabilities can enjoy the services that they provide. However, despite their best attempts, certain attorneys and their pool of serial plaintiffs look for minor, easily correctable ADA infractions so they can file a lawsuit and make some cash. 

Faced with the threat of a lawsuit for minor infractions, small businesses often find themselves in a dilemma. They have few choices: settle, pay fees that match those of lengthy and expensive litigation, or spend time and money to go through the legal process.  This becomes a lose-lose situation very quickly.

At face value, these “drive-by” lawsuits are an easy way for both plaintiff and attorney to make a quick buck. In many cases, a single plaintiff signs onto multiple cases, alleging violations at businesses and properties where that plaintiff may have never set foot. In California, for example, one serial plaintiff has filed nearly 1,000 lawsuits. Some of these lawsuits are filed by plaintiffs that have never been in the business, or even live in the state. The abuse is evident. 

Unfortunately, these lawsuits are on the rise nationwide. What’s more is that local and state courts across the country are finding themselves inundated with these “drive-by” lawsuits; some have created special rules just to deal with the sheer volume of drive-by cases being heard. Because of this, local legislatures are taking notice and have begun to take action. The ADA, however, is a federal law, and as such, Congress must remedy the harmful practice of “drive-by” lawsuits targeting small businesses. 

This is why I am introducing the ADA Education and Reform Act of 2015, H.R. 3765; legislation that will provide business owners with an opportunity to remedy alleged ADA infractions before being saddled within legal fees. Business owners will have a 120-day window within which to make any necessary public accommodation corrections and updates to their businesses. If the business owner fails to correct the infractions, the plaintiff retains all of their rights to pursue legal action under the ADA. This legislation restores the purpose of the ADA: to provide access and accommodation to disabled Americans, not to fatten the wallets of ADA trolls.

This bill also includes a measure aimed at bringing state and local governments, business owners, and disability advocacy groups together to improve access for the disabled community through improved education and compliance. H.R.3765 will serve as a vital partner to the ADA and will provide property owners and members of the disability community the opportunity to work together to increase the effectiveness of the ADA.

The goal of this legislation is to make all businesses comply with the ADA----not to be a cash cow for litigants that never have set foot in Doughnuts to Go.  This bill represents a common sense solution to a very real problem facing countless businesses across this country. It is time to restore the ADA’s integrity and ensure its survival for another quarter century and beyond.

Poe has represented Texas’ 2nd Congressional District since 2005. He sits on the Judiciary and the Foreign Affairs committees.